Hunger in Guinea
The Republic of Guinea is home to nearly 11 million people; despite its abundance of resources, Guinea continues to struggle with development and hunger. Guinea faces major socio-economic and political challenges that delay aid to the hungry.
Natural disasters contribute to the hunger in Guinea. Many Guineans rely on subsistence agriculture, but the unpredictable weather conditions make crop yields unreliable. Flooding is common in the northern areas of Guinea and affects 59,000 – 69,000 people every year. Statistics show that 27.2 percent of households are food insecure and 3.3 percent of households are severely food insecure.
Organizations like the World Food Programme and Action Against Hunger, ACF International are in Guinea to alleviate the food crisis. The WFP has been helping out Guinea for nearly 45 years. The AAH has had a major impact since 1995.
The WFP has many programs helping to aid the needs of Guinea. They are currently overseeing The Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation, which provides assistance to households negatively affected by natural disasters and those who are food insecure because of them. The WFP also supports communities to produce locally grown food that can be used for school feeding programs.
The AAH provides the same general concept of relief to Guinea, but in different ways. They aim specifically to evaluate, treat, and prevent acute malnutrition caused by hunger.
To evaluate, the AAH collects baseline data on key nutrition indicators like local capacities and resources, cultural practices, infrastructure and geography. The information gathered is then used to increase the effectiveness of responses. The AAH treats acute malnutrition by providing inpatient care and also outpatient programs. Ready-to-use Therapeutic Foods are given to patients to help prevent malnutrition.
By strengthening the local communities, the WFP and the AAH both have been trying to nurture Guinea into a self-sufficient state.
– Erik Nelson
Sources: Action Against Hunger 1, Action Against Hunger 2, World Food Programme 1, World Food Programme 2
Photo: Stop Hunger Now