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Overview of global poverty

Poverty is the principal cause of hunger

  • As of 2018, 822 million people are hungry worldwide; that’s one in nine people.
  • Over 2 billion people lack regular access to safe, nutritious, and sufficient food (about 18 percent).
  • 785 million people drink unsafe water or have to travel more than 30 minutes to drink safe water.
  • According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, in order for food security to exist, four dimensions must be fulfilled: 1) physical availability of food, 2) economic and physical access to food, 3) food utilization and 4) the stability of those other dimensions over time.

What would it cost to end world hunger by 2030?
World hunger can be eliminated with an additional $265 billion per year in additional resources.
FAO

How does that compare to other political priorities?

  • $668 billion: 2018 U.S. Defense Budget
  • $393.5 billion: Interest Payment on Debt
  • $1.5 trillion: Lockheed Martin F-35 Joint Strike Fighter Program

The effects of poverty on children

  • “The poorest 20 percent of the world’s children are twice as likely as the richest 20 percent to be stunted by poor nutrition and to die before their 5th birthday.”
  • 2.5 million newborns worldwide die within their first month of life.
  • Almost 200 million children under the age of 5 in developing regions are underweight for their age.
  • 19.4 million infants in the least developed countries are not protected from diseases by routine immunization.
  • 2.8 million children under the age of 19 currently live with HIV.
  • 264 million children were out of school in 2015, with Sub-Saharan Africa having the
    highest out-of-school rates.

UNICEF