Less Poverty =
- The higher the death rate for children in a region, the higher the birthrate… When people know their children will survive, they have few children. Addressing global poverty and keeping children alive is crucial for reducing overpopulation.
- The UN projects the population of the 48 poorest countries in the world will double from 850 million in 2010 to 1.7 billion in 2050.
- Poverty and the lack of access to education leads to higher birthrates and overpopulation.
- “Where rapid population growth far outpaces economic development, countries will have a difficult time investing in the human capital needed to secure the well-being of its people and to stimulate further economic growth. This issue is especially acute for the least developed countries, many of which are facing a doubling, or even a tripling of their populations by 2050.”
(UN Population Fund)
Where Poverty Rates Drop, Birthrates Soon Follow
- Although Guatemala had the highest birthrate in Latin America with 2.9 births per person in 2017, the birthrate has steadily declined since 1989 through simultaneous poverty reduction (62 percent to 51 percent from 1989 to 2006). Guatemala’s birthrate in 1989 was 5.5 births per person.
- In 1994, the average family in Cambodia had nearly 6 children; by 2015, extreme poverty (living on less than $1.25 per day) in Cambodia had fallen more than 40% and the average family size had decreased by more than half.
- The last 20 years in Namibia have seen extreme poverty rates fall by 20% and average family size halved.
- The likelihood of a woman or girl becoming a mother reduces by 7.3 percent if she has just one additional year of education beyond primary school.
- Ethiopia has witnessed a reduction in its birth rate (from 47.5 per 1,000 in 1990 to 31.9 per 1,000 in 2019) due to its growing economy and increased schooling for girls. As quality of life is improving, people are having fewer children.
Birth Rates by development level: World – 2.5
“The key thing you can do to reduce population growth is actually improve health.”
– Bill Gates
More Developed – 1.7
Less Developed – 2.6
Least Developed – 4.3
Birth Rates by development level:
World – 2.5