Addressing the System’s Biggest Flaws: Health Care Reform in Indonesia

Health care Reform in IndonesiaIn the past few years, Indonesia’s parliament has approved sweeping health care reforms. These much-needed reforms aim to stabilize and strengthen the country’s health care infrastructure following the COVID-19 pandemic. Here is what you need to know about health care reform in Indonesia and how these changes affect the accessibility of medical care.

July 2023 Policy

In its latest act of health care related legislation, Parliament addresses several weak spots in the country’s health care system, including funding difficulties, staffing shortages and improving medical services. The policy removes mandatory government health care spending budgets in favor of more adaptable, targeted spending. This change would help ensure the efficient allocation of funds within the health care sector.

In addition, the new law also enables more foreign doctors to practice in Indonesia. Currently, Indonesia has only seven doctors for every 10,000 people. This law would help to address issues of understaffing in medical facilities and meet the demands of the Indonesian people.

Health Care in Indonesia

This new policy reform is just one example of health care reform in Indonesia aiming to increase the capacity of medical services amidst a growing population. Like many countries, the pandemic highlighted some widespread insufficiencies in the Indonesian health care system. Since 2020, the country’s parliament has implemented several policies designed to help ease strains on the health care system related to the pandemic.

These issues worsen in more rural areas, where there is less access to medical facilities and care. This new policy aims to improve health care accessibility in these remote regions. Additionally, this law aims to reduce strain on the health care industry and enhance the quality of medical service for patients.

The Road to Universal Health Coverage

Health care in Indonesia is seeing improvements not only in terms of physical access but also in financial accessibility. Since its introduction in 2014, the government’s Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional (JKN) insurance program has expanded health insurance coverage to approximately 90% of the country’s population.

This coverage has significantly reduced out-of-pocket expenses among Indonesians, from 47% down to 32% of health care spending. JKN is intended to help pave the way toward universal coverage for all Indonesians. 

Technology and Health Care

Indonesia has unveiled a 2021 initiative aimed at boosting health care access by leveraging technology. The plan seeks to digitalize medical care in the country, thereby expanding health care services and bridging gaps in care provision for remote regions.

The Blueprint of Health Digital Transformation Strategy 2024 aims to support Indonesia’s health care infrastructure development through digital technologies. This strategy also aims to enhance the quality and convenience of medical services by optimizing administration and patient data.

This program benefits not only Indonesia’s patients but health care workers as well. The integration of patient information will serve as a major convenience for the country’s doctors. The use of technology also allows for more room to monitor the effectiveness and quality of treatment in areas that need it most. 

This program benefits both patients and health care workers in Indonesia. The integration of patient information provides significant convenience for the country’s doctors. The use of technology also enables better monitoring of treatment effectiveness and quality in areas that require it most.

Looking Ahead

Although there is still room for progress, especially in the areas of women’s health care and maternal mortality, the results so far represent a significant step toward achieving universal and quality health care in Indonesia. The health care reform efforts in the country have worked to address disparities in access to health care among the population, leading to tangible improvements in the medical infrastructure.

– Mary Burke
Photo: Flickr