What if there was a way to invest money and change the world? The global green bond market may be the answer.
The potential of these bonds to facilitate global change is irrefutable. Green bonds are similar to other fixed-income instruments in their financial attractiveness but they are unique in their ability to provide a positive social and environmental impact.
The capital raised is dedicated to programs that benefit the environment and encourage more prosperity within nations, such as delivering clean water, promoting renewable energy sources and increasing efficiency.
Developed and developing countries alike face rising financial challenges from changing climate conditions and environmental hardships, but often it’s the poorest nations that suffer most. The green bond market finances many life-changing development strategies that support sustainable development, focusing on poverty reduction and inclusive growth. They are innovative financial tools to finance railways, roads, airports, buildings and energy and water infrastructures, while simultaneously achieving positive returns for the environment and society.
The green bond market has seen explosive growth and increased attention from investors in recent years. Launched by multilateral institutions less than a decade ago, green bonds have seen a 38 percent increase in the first half of 2017 compared to the year prior.
The Climate Bond Initiative, an international nonprofit focused on this niche, estimates that the total amount of green bonds issued in 2017 could reach upwards of $150 billion; this is a monumental increase from the $3 billion worth of green bonds that were issued in 2012.
This surge in interest can be explained by an increased desire by consumers to invest in an impact-driven market; this has caused a record number of public and private entities to join or issue green bonds.
The number, and nature, of the financial players involved in the green bond market have also contributed to the rapid growth. Development banks, such as the World Bank and the European Investment Bank, large corporations, including Apple and Intesa and sovereign states, like Poland and France, have all emerged in the green bond market.
Individual projects by each green bond issuer carry great reach. Just one project by the World Bank to improve sustainable water management in Brazil benefits 2.6 million people and provides 164,000 people with improved sanitation, enhancing the overall quality of life.
The interest that the green bond market has sparked is helping to change how investors think about their investments and how issuers think about the projects that they finance. So long as investors continue to ask questions about the expected social and environmental impacts of their investments, green bonds will continue to build a meaningful new capital market, providing financial support for environmental and sustainability initiatives around the world.
– Jamie Enright