Poverty and Overpopulation

Birth Rates by development level:

World – 2.5
More Developed – 1.7
Less Developed – 2.6
Least Developed – 4.3

South Africa

Less Poverty =
Less Overpopulation

  • The higher the death rate for children in a region, the higher the birthrate… When people know their children will survive, they have few children. Addressing global poverty and keeping children alive is crucial for reducing overpopulation.
  • The UN projects the population of the 48 poorest countries in the world will double from 850 million in 2010 to 1.7 billion in 2050.
    (Population Institute)
  • Poverty and the lack of access to education leads to higher birthrates and overpopulation.
  • “Where rapid population growth far outpaces economic development, countries will have a difficult time investing in the human capital needed to secure the well-being of its people and to stimulate further economic growth. This issue is especially acute for the least developed countries, many of which are facing a doubling, or even a tripling of their populations by 2050.”
    (UN Population Fund)

“The key thing you can do to reduce population growth is actually improve health.” 

– Bill Gates

2.7 %
The annual population growth rate in Sub-Saharan Africa.

(World Bank)

.7 %
Annual U.S. population growth rate.

(World Bank)

Where Poverty Rates Drop, Birthrates Soon Follow

Extreme poverty in Guatemala has decreased by nearly 40% since 1992, and with that decline in poverty, the average family size has fallen from almost 6 children to just over 3.

In 1994, the average family in Cambodia had nearly 6 children; by 2015, extreme poverty (living on less than $1.25 per day) in Cambodia had fallen more than 40% and average family size had decreased by more than half.

The last 20 years in Namibia have seen extreme poverty rates fall by 20% and average family size halved.
(World Bank)

The Photo That Says it All


This photo of the U.S. and Mexico Border symbolizes the massive overpopulation in the impoverished city of Tijuana.