Poverty and Overpopulation

Birth Rates by development level:

World – 2.5
More Developed – 1.7
Less Developed – 2.6
Least Developed – 4.3

South Africa

Less Poverty =
Less Overpopulation

  • The higher the death rate for children in a region, the higher the birthrate… When people know their children will survive, they have few children. Addressing global poverty and keeping children alive is crucial for reducing overpopulation.
  • The UN projects the population of the 48 poorest countries in the world will double from 850 million in 2010 to 1.7 billion in 2050.
    (Population Institute)
  • Poverty and the lack of access to education leads to higher birthrates and overpopulation.
  • “Where rapid population growth far outpaces economic development, countries will have a difficult time investing in the human capital needed to secure the well-being of its people and to stimulate further economic growth. This issue is especially acute for the least developed countries, many of which are facing a doubling, or even a tripling of their populations by 2050.”
    (UN Population Fund)

“The key thing you can do to reduce population growth is actually improve health.” 

– Bill Gates

2.7 %
The annual population growth rate in Sub-Saharan Africa.

(World Bank)

.7 %
Annual U.S. population growth rate.

(World Bank)

Where Poverty Rates Drop, Birthrates Soon Follow

Extreme poverty in Guatemala has decreased by nearly 40% since 1992, and with that decline in poverty, the average family size has fallen from almost 6 children to just over 3.

In 1994, the average family in Cambodia had nearly 6 children; by 2015, extreme poverty (living on less than $1.25 per day) in Cambodia had fallen more than 40% and average family size had decreased by more than half.

The last 20 years in Namibia have seen extreme poverty rates fall by 20% and average family size halved.
(World Bank)