The world poverty standard is an income of $2 per day or less. By this world poverty statistic, 50 % of the global population lives in poverty.  Of the 2.2 billion children in the world, 1 billion live in poverty.

Poverty is closely linked to access to clean water. 1.1 billion people lack access to clean water, with only 25 % of the global poor having indoor plumbing.  More than half of all people suffering from illness in developing countries because of poor water conditions.

Poverty contributes to global hunger. Malnutrition is the lack of basic nutritional needs.  In the context of world hunger, this refers to protein-energy malnutrition is the lack of calories from protein.  This is the most deadly form of malnutrition because the body does not receive enough calories or amino acids to develop and maintain muscle tissue.

The U.N. Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) estimates one in eight people worldwide suffer from malnutrition.  On average, malnutrition affects 15 % of the population of developing countries.  In developing countries around 28 % of children are underdeveloped.

The problem is not a food shortage, but rather a logistical one.  There is plenty of food to go around, but many areas do not have access to sustainable farmland or lack the ability to import large quantities of food.

The global poor also suffer from poor medical care.  270 million people have no access to health services. Malaria is one of the most devastating diseases among Africa’s poor.  Malaria interferes with children’s education, social interactions, physiological development, and neurological health.

In 2005, among all developing nations, 72 million school-aged children were not enrolled in classes.  Nearly a billion people worldwide are not literate.  Collectively, each year children miss 443 million days of school due to illness.

– Stephanie Lamm

Sources: Global Issues: Poverty Facts an Stats, Statistic Brain, WHO, Global Issues
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