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Food Aid Reform Act 2
A proposal to improve U.S. efforts to fight global poverty and hunger by reforming U.S. food aid policies to reach more people at a lower cost, faster and more efficiently was rejected by the House of Representatives in June.

The amendment to the Farm Bill proposed giving the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) the option of “local and regional purchase” to buy food closer to the region and people that would ultimately receive it. The amendment was voted down 220 to 203.

Under current policies, nearly all U.S. food aid must be purchased from domestic producers and half of it must be shipped overseas on U.S. ships. The stringent requirements are hampering U.S. aid from reaching those that most need it in a timely manner, critics charge.

The amendment was a watered-down version of the proposed bipartisan Food Aid Reform Act (H.R. 1983) that was introduced in April by Congressman Ed Royce (R-Calif.) who chairs the House Foreign Affairs Committee, and Rep. Karen Bass (D-Calif.). President Obama has also proposed a similar overhaul of how the U.S. delivers food aid.

Proponents of food aid reform point out that the fight isn’t over. A full list of which representatives voted for and against the food aid reform is easily available and provides a great opportunity for supporters of changing the system to continue to push those who voted against the amendment. It was a close vote, with 220 Democrats and Republicans voting against the proposal, while 203 voted in favor of it. (Eleven members did not vote.)

Is your representative on the “no” list? See the full list below.

220 No Votes (Democrats in italics):

Robert Aderholt (R-Ala.)
Rodney Alexander (R-La.)
Robert E. Andrews (D-N.J.)
Ron Barber (D-Ariz.)

Lou Barletta (R-Pa.)
John Barrow (D-Ga.)
Joe Barton (R-Tex.)
Joyce Beatty (D-Ohio)
Dan Benishek (R-Mich.)
Sanford D. Bishop Jr. (D-Ga.)
Timothy Bishop (D-N.Y.)

Rob Bishop (R-Utah)
Charles W. Boustany Jr. (R-La.)
Robert Brady (D-Pa.)
Bruce L Braley (D-Iowa)

Paul C. Broun (R-Ga.)
Corrine Brown (D-Fla.)
Julia Brownley (D-Calif.)

Larry Bucshon (R-Ind.)
Cheri Bustos (D-Ill.)
Ken Calvert (R-Calif.)
Dave Camp (R-Mich.)
John Campbell (R-Calif.)
Shelley Moore Capito (R-W.Va.)
Michael E. Capuano (D-Mass.)
John Carney (D-Del.)

John Carter (R-Tex.)
William Cassidy (R-La.)
Kahty Castor (D-Fla.)
Judy Chu (D-Calif.)
William “Lacy” Clay Jr. (D-Mo.)
James E. Clyburn (D-S.C.)

Howard Coble (R-N.C.)
Mike Coffman (R-Colo.)
Tom Cole (R-Okla.)
Chris Collins (R-N.Y.)
K. Michael Conaway (R-Tex.)
Gerald E. “Gerry” Connolly (D-Va.)
Paul Cook (R-Calif.)
Tom Cotton (R-Ark.)
Joe Courtney (D-Conn.)
Kevin Cramer (R-N.D.)
Rick Crawford (R-Ark.)
Henry Cuellar (D-Tex.)
Elijah Cummings (D-Md.)
Rodney Davis (R-Ill.)
Suzan DelBene (D-Wash.)
Jeff Denham (R-Calif.)
Scott DesJarlais (R-Tenn.)
Mario Diaz-Balart (R-Fla.)
John Dingell (D-Mich.)
Mike Doyle (D-Pa.)

John J. Duncan Jr. (R-Tenn.)
Renee Ellmers (R-N.C.)
William Enyart (D-Ill.)
Blake Farenthold (R-Tex.)
Chaka Fattah (D-Pa.)
Stephen Fincher (R-Tenn.)
John Fleming (R-La.)
J. Randy Forbes (R-Va.)
Jeff Fortenberry (R-Neb.)
Rodney Frelinghuysen (R-N.J.)
Marcia L. Fudge (D-Ohio)
Tulsi Gabbard (D-Hawaii)
Pete Gallego (D-Tex.)
John Garamendi (D-Calif.)
Joe Garcia (D-Fla.)

Cory Gardner (R-Colo.)
Jim Gerlach (R-Pa.)
Bob Gibbs (R-Ohio)
Chris Gibson (R-N.Y.)
Bob Goodlatte (R-Va.)
Kay Granger (R-Tex.)
Sam Graves (R-Mo.)
Al Green (D-Tex.)
Gene Green (D-Tex.)
Tim Griffin (R-Ark.)
Morgan Griffith (R-Va.)
Raul Grijalva (D-Ariz.)
Michael Grimm (R-N.Y.)
Janice Hahn (D-Calif.)
Colleen Hanabusa (D-Hawaii)

Gregg Harper (R-Miss.)
Andy Harris (R-Md.)
Vicky Hartzler (R-Mo.)
Denny Heck (D-Wash.)
Jaime Herrera Beutler (R-Wash.)
Brian Higgins (D-N.Y.)
Ruben Hinojosa (D-Tex.)

Richard Hudson (R-N.C.)
Duncan D. Hunter (R-Calif.)
Darrell Issa (R-Calif.)
Sheila Jackson Lee (D-Tex.)
Lynn Jenkins (R-Kan.)
Henry C. “Hank” Johnson Jr. (D-Ga.)
Bill Johnson (R-Ohio)
Eddie Bernice Johnson (D-Tex.)
Sam Johnson (R-Tex.)
Walter B. Jones (R-N.C.)
David Joyce (R-Ohio)
Marcy Kaptur (D-Ohio)
William Keating (D-Mass.)
Robin Kelly (D-Ill.)

Mike Kelly (R-Pa.)
Daniel Kildee (D-Mich.)
Derek Kilmer (D-Wash.)

Steve King (R-Iowa)
Pete King (R-N.Y.)
Adam Kinzinger (R-Ill.)
Ann Kirkpatrick (D-Ariz.)
John Kline (R-Minn.)
Doug LaMalfa (R-Calif.)
James Lankford (R-Okla.)
Tom Latham (R-Iowa)
Robert E. Latta (R-Ohio)
Sander Levin (D-Mich.)
Daniel Lipinski (D-Ill.)

Frank LoBiondo (R-N.J.)
David Loebsack (D-Iowa)
Billy Long (R-Mo.)
Alan Lowenthal (D-Calif.)
Frank Lucas (R-Okla.)
Blaine Luetkemeyer (R-Mo.)
Stephen F. Lynch (D-Mass.)
Daniel Maffei (D-N.Y.)
Sean Patrick Maloney (D-N.Y.)
Jim Matheson (D-Utah)
Jim McDermott (D-Wash.)
Mike McIntyre (D-N.C.)

Buck McKeon (R-Calif.)
David McKinley (R-W.Va.)
Jerry McNerney (D-Calif.)
Pat Meehan (R-Pa.)
Michael Michaud (D-Maine)
Candice Miller (D-Mich.)
George Miller (D-Calif.)

Markwayne Mullin (R-Okla.)
Tim Murphy (R-Pa.)
Grace Napolitano (D-Calif.)
Richard E. Neal (D-Mass.)
Gloria Negrete McLeod (D-Calif.)

Randy Neugebauer (R-Tex.)
Kristi Noem (R-S.D.)
Rick Nolan (D-Minn.)
Devin Nunes (R-Calif.)
Alan Nunnelee (R-Miss.)
Bill Owens (D-N.Y.)
Steven Palazzo (R-Miss.)Bill Pascrell Jr. (D-N.Y.)
Ed Pastor (D-Ariz.)
Steve Pearce (R-N.M.)
Ed Perlmutter (D-Colo.)
Gary Peters (D-Mich.)
Collin C. Peterson (D-Minn.)
Mark Pocan (D-Wis.)

Ted Poe (R-Tex.)
Bill Posey (R-Fla.)
Nick Rahall (D-W.Va.)
Tom Reed (R-N.Y.)
David G. Reichert (R-Wash.)
Jim Renacci (R-Ohio)
Cedric Richmond (D-La.)
Scott Rigell (R-Va.)
Martha Roby (R-Ala.)
Mike Rogers (AL) (R-Ala.)
Mike Rogers (MI) (R-Mich.)
Tom Rooney (R-Fla.)
Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-Fla.)
Peter J. Roskam (R-Ill.)
Keith Rothfus (R-Pa.)
Jon Runyan (R-N.J.)
Dutch Ruppersberger (D-Md.)
Tim Ryan (D-Ohio)
Linda T. Sánchez (D-Calif.)
Loretta Sanchez (D-Calif.)

Steve Scalise (R-La.)
Kurt Schrader (D-Ore.)
Allyson Y. Schwartz (D-Pa.)

Austin Scott (R-Ga.)
Pete Sessions (R-Tex.)
Terri A. Sewell (D-Ala.)
Carol Shea-Porter (D-N.H.)
Brad Sherman (D-Calif.)

John Shimkus (R-Ill.)
Bill Shuster (R-Pa.)
Mike Simpson (R-Idaho)
Kyrsten Sinema (D-Ariz.)
Albio Sires (D-N.J.)

Jason Smith (R-Mo.)
Adrian Smith (R-Neb.)
Lamar Smith (R-Tex.)
Steve Southerland (R-Fla.)
Steve Stivers (R-Ohio)
Steve Stockman (R-Tex.)
Marlin Stutzman (R-Ind.)
Eric Swalwell (D-Calif.)
Bennie G. Thompson (D-Miss.)

Glenn W. Thompson (R-Pa.)
Mac Thornberry (R-Tex.)
Pat Tiberi (R-Ohio)
Dina Titus (D-Nev.)
Paul D. Tonko (D-N.Y.)

Michael Turner (R-Ohio)
Fred Upton (R-Mich.)
David Valadao (R-Calif.)
Juan Vargas (D-Calif.)
Marc Veasey (D-Tex.)
Filemon Vela (D-Tex.)
Peter Visclosky (D-Ind.)

Ann Wagner (R-Mo.)
Timothy J. Walz (D-Minn.)
Daniel Webster (R-Fla.)
Lynn A. Westmoreland (R-Ga.)
Ed Whitfield (R-Ky.)
Roger Williams (R-Tex.)
Robert J. Wittman (R-Va.)
Steve Womack (R-Ark.)
Robert Woodall (R-Ga.)
Kevin Yoder (R-Kan.)
Don Young (R-Alaska)

ABSTAINED/did not vote
Emanuel Cleaver (D-Mo.)
Alcee L. Hastings (D-Fla.)
Rush Holt (D-N.J.)
Mike Honda (D-Calif.)
Rick Larsen (D-Wash.)
Ed Markey (D-Mass.)
Carolyn McCarthy (D-N.Y.)

Gary Miller (R-Calif.)
Frank Pallone Jr. (D-N.J.)
Harold Rogers (R-Ky.)
Louise Slaughter (D-N.Y.)

– Liza Casabona

Sources: U.S. House of Representatives U.S. House Clerk’s Office Humanosphere OXFAM
Photo: Reuters

Food Aid Reform Act 1
On June 19 the U.S. House of Representatives rejected an amendment to the Farm Bill that would have reformed how the United States delivers food aid to poor and hungry people around the world.

The proposal would have loosened U.S.-only procurement and cargo requirements, as well as financing rules, for distribution of U.S. aid that critics argue make the program inefficient, ineffective and wasteful.

The amendment was a watered-down version of the proposed bipartisan Food Aid Reform Act (H.R. 1983) that was introduced in April by Congressman Ed Royce (R-Calif.) who chairs the House Foreign Affairs Committee. (Incidentally, the entire Farm Bill was also rejected the same week due to controversial proposals to significantly cut domestic nutrition assistance programs that help feed hungry families in the U.S.).

Most food aid the U.S. distributes overseas is provided through the Food for Peace Act (FPA) Title II (Emergency and Private Assistance) and is distributed by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID).

Under current law:

100 percent of the food aid commodities distributed through the program must be produced in the U.S.; 50 percent of the donated food aid has to be shipped overseas on U.S.-flagged ships; and monetization for at least 15 percent of the food aid must be in place. The proposals to reform the food aid policies would have helped food reach more people at a lower cost, faster and more efficiently by giving USAID the option of “local and regional purchase” to buy food closer to the region and people that would ultimately receive it.

By eliminating current restrictions, the proposed food aid reforms would have created a 20 percent savings and allowed food to reach its intended recipients 2 months sooner, according to estimates from the House Committee on Foreign Relations. Eliminating the cargo preference requirement alone would have saved an estimated $50 million a year.

Under the current monetization rules, the U.S. government purchased U.S.-produced food which it shipped overseas on a U.S.-flagged vessel. Once overseas the food was donated to aid organizations that sold the food in developing countries and used the proceeds to finance development projects. The system was inefficient and lead to an estimated loss of 25 cents on average of every tax dollar spent on food aid. Changing that system as the food aid reform bill proposed would feed 800,000 more people and save an estimated $30 million per year, according to estimates.

In the June 19 vote, 203 Representatives (both Democrats and Republicans) voted in favor of the reform proposal (220 voted against and 11 did not cast a vote). OXFAM said that the recorded vote provides a critical accountability and transparency tool for reform advocates to use in the future as they push for change in this arena.

See the full list of representatives who voted for the proposal below.

203 Yes Votes (Democrats in italics):

Justin Amash (R-Mich.)
Mark Amodei (R-Nev.)
Michele Bachmann (R-Minn.)
Spencer Bachus (R-Ala.)
Andy Barr (R-Ken.)
Karen Bass (D-Calif.)
Xavier Becerra (D-Calif.)
Kerry Bentivolio (R-Mich.)
Ami Bera (D-Calif.)
Gus M. Bilirakis (R-Fla.)
Diane Black (R-Tenn.)
Marsha Blackburn (R-Tenn.)
Earl Blumenauer (D-Ore.)
Suzanne Bonamici (D-Ore.)
Jo Bonner (R-Ala.)
Kevin Brady (R-Tex.)
Jim Bridenstine (R-Okla.)
Mo Brooks (R-Ala.)
Susan Brooks (R-Ind.)
Vern Buchanan (R-Fla.)
Michael Burgess (R-Tex.)
G.K. Butterfield (D-N.C.)
Eric Cantor (R-Va.)
Lois Capps (D-Calif.)
Tony Cárdenas (D-Calif.)
Andre Carson (D-Ind.)
Matthew Cartwright (D-Pa.)
Joaquin Castro (D-Tex.)
Steve Chabot (R-Ohio)
Jason Chaffetz (R-Utah)
David Cicilline (D-R.I.)
Yvette Clarke (D-N.Y.)
Steve Cohen (D-Tenn.)
Doug Collins (R-Ga.)
John Conyers, Jr. (D-Mich.)
Jim Cooper (D-Tenn.)
Jim Costa (D-Calif.)
Ander Crenshaw (R-Fla.)
Joseph Crowley (D-N.Y.)
John Culberson (R-Tex.)
Steve Daines (R-Mont.)
Susan Davis (D-Calif.)
Danny Davis K. (D-Ill.)
Peter DeFazio (D-Ore.)
Diana DeGette (D-Colo.)
John Delaney (D-Md.)
Rosa DeLauro (D-Conn.)
Charles W. Dent (R-Pa.)
Ron DeSantis (R-Fla.)
Ted Deutch (D-Fla.)
Lloyd Doggett (D-Tex.)
Tammy Duckworth (D-Ill.)
Sean P. Duffy (R-Wis.)
Jeff Duncan (R-S.C.)
Donna F. Edwards (D-Md.)
Keith Ellison (D-Minn.)
Eliot Engel (D-N.Y.)
Anna G. Eshoo (D-Calif.)
Elizabeth Esty (D-Conn.)
Sam Farr (D-Calif.)
Michael Fitzpatrick (R-Pa.)
Chuck Fleischmann (R-Tenn.)
Bill Flores (R-Tex.)
Bill Foster (D-Ill.)
Virginia Foxx (R-N.C.)
Lois Frankel (D-Fla.)
Trent Franks (R-Ariz.)
Scott Garrett (R-N.J.)
Phil Gingrey (R-Ga.)
Louis Gohmert (R-Tex.)
Paul A. Gosar (R-Ariz.)
Trey Gowdy (R-S.C.)
Tom Graves (R-Ga.)
Alan Grayson (D-Fla.)
S. Brett Guthrie (R-Ky.)
Luis Gutiérrez (D-Ill.)
Ralph M. Hall (R-Tex.)
Richard Hanna (R-N.Y.)
Doc Hastings (R-Wash.)
Joe Heck (D-Nev.)
Jeb Hensarling (R-Tex.)
Jim Himes (D-Conn.)
George Holding (R-N.C.)
Steven Horsford (D-Nev.)
Steny Hoyer (D-Md.)
Tim Huelskamp (R-Kan.)
Jared Huffman (D-Calif.)
Bill Huizenga (R-Mich.)
Randy Hultgren (R-Ill.)
Robert Hurt (R-Va.)
Steve Israel (D-N.Y.)
Hakeem Jeffries (D-N.Y.)
Jim Jordan (R-Ohio)
Joseph P. Kennedy III (D-Mass.)
Ron Kind (D-Wis.)
Joe Wilson (R-S.C.)
Frank Wolf (R-Va.)
John A. Yarmuth (D-Ky.)
Ted Yoho (R-Fla.)
C.W. Bill Young (R-Fla.)
Todd Young (R-Ind.)
Jack Kingston (R-Ga.)
Ann Kuster (D-N.H.)
Raul Labrador (R-Idaho)
Doug Lamborn (R-Colo.)
Leonard Lance (R-N.J.)
Jim Langevin (D-R.I.)
John B. Larson (D-Conn.)
Barbara Lee (D-Calif.)
John Lewis (D-Ga.)
Zoe Lofgren (D-Calif.)
Nita Lowey (D-N.Y.)
Michelle Lujan Grisham (D-N.M.)
Ben Ray Luján (D-N.M.)
Cynthia Lummis (R-Wyo.)
Carolyn Maloney (D-N.Y.)
Kenny Marchant (R-Tex.)
Tom Marino (R-Pa.)
Thomas Massie (R-Ky.)
Doris O. Matsui (D-Calif.)
Kevin McCarthy (R-Calif.)
Michael T. McCaul (R-Tex.)
Tom McClintock (R-Calif.)
Betty McCollum (D-Minn.)
James McGovern (D-Mass.)
Patrick T. McHenry (R-N.C.)
Cathy McMorris Rodgers (R-Wash.)
Mark Meadows (R-N.C.)
Gregory W. Meeks (D-N.Y.)
Grace Meng (D-N.Y.)
Luke Messer (R-Ind.)
John Mica (R-Fla.)
Jeff Miller (R-Fla.)
Gwen Moore (D-Wis.)
James Moran (D-Va.)
Mick Mulvaney (R-S.C.)
Patrick Murphy (D-Fla.)
Jerrold Nadler (D-N.Y.)
Richard Nugent (R-Fla.)
Beto O’Rourke (D-Tex.)
Pete Olson (R-Tex.)
Erik Paulsen (R-Minn.)
Donald Payne Jr. (D-N.J.)
Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.)
Scott Perry (R-Pa.)
Scott Peters (D-Calif.)
Thomas Petri (R-Wis.)
Chellie Pingree (D-Maine)
Robert Pittenger (R-N.C.)
Joseph R. Pitts (R-Pa.)
Jaren Polis (D-Colo.)
Mike Pompeo (R-Kan.)
Tom Price (R-Ga.)
David Price (D-N.C.)
Mike Quigley (D-Ill.)
Trey Radel (R-Fla.)
Charles B. Rangel (D-N.Y.)
Reid Ribble (R-Wis.)
Tom Rice (R-S.C.)
Phil Roe (R-Tenn.)
Dana Rohrabacher (R-Calif.)
Todd Rokita (R-Ind.)
Dennis Ross (R-Fla.)
Lucille Roybal-Allard (D-Calif.)
Ed Royce (R-Calif.)
Raul Ruiz (D-Calif.)
Bobby L. Rush (D-Ill.)
Paul Ryan (R-Wis.)
Matt Salmon (R-Ariz.)
Mark Sanford (R-S.C.)
John P. Sarbanes (D-Md.)
Jan Schakowsky (D-Ill.)
Adam Schiff (D-Calif.)
Brad Schneider (D-Ill.)
Aaron Schock (R-Ill.)
David Schweikert (R-Ariz.)
Robert C. Scott (D-Va.)
David Scott (D-Ga.)
F. James Sensenbrenner (R-Wis.)
Jose E. Serrano (D-N.Y.)
Chris Smith (R-N.J.)
Adam Smith (D-Wash.)
Jackie Speier (D-Calif.)
Chris Stewart (R-Utah)
Mark Takano (D-Calif.)
Lee Terry (R-Neb.)
Mike Thompson (D-Calif.)
John Tierney (D-Mass.)
Scott Tipton (R-Colo.)
Niki Tsongas (D-Mass.)
Chris Van Hollen (D-Md.)
Nydia M. Velázquez (D-N.Y.)
Tim Walberg (R-Mich.)
Greg Walden (R-Ore.)
Jackie Walorski (R-Ind.)
Debbie Wasserman Schultz (D-Fla.)
Maxine Waters (D-Calif.)
Mel Watt (D-N.C.)
Henry Waxman (D-Calif.)
Randy Weber (R-Tex.)
Peter Welch (D-Vt.)
Brad Wenstrup (R-Ohio)
Frederica Wilson (D-Fla.)

– Liza Casabona

Source: U.S. House of Representatives U.S. House Clerk’s Office Humanosphere OXFAM
Photo: WordPress