A refugee is a person who is forced to leave his or her homeland in order to escape conflict, disease, natural disasters, persecution, etc. Refugees are often very poor once they arrive in a new nation and many times lose everything they once had. Every once in a while refugees become a popular topic. For instance, refugees fleeing the Syrian Civil War have garnered international attention in recent months.
But even when there is not a highly publicized and controversial war raging, there are always millions of refugees world wide. Where are they? Here are some refugee statistics:
Somalia has almost 1 million registered refugees. Most of these refugees end up fleeing to Kenya, Ethiopia and Yemen. However, some have gone as far as Egypt and Tanzania. Many of these refugees have fled because of large military campaigns.
On the other side of Africa, Liberia has 98,000 refugees. These refugees are fleeing ethnic conflict and civil war. Many refugees have fled from the Ivory Coast, a neighboring nation, for the same reason.
Recently, there has been a lot of civil unrest in Mali, as religious extremists attempt to topple the government. In order to provide military assistance to their former colony, French troops have also entered the conflict, further disrupting everyday life. Today, the conflict known as the Tuareg Rebellion has displaced 171,000 individuals into neighboring nations such as Mauritania.
Outside of Africa, over 2 million people have fled Syria due to the intense fighting between rebel groups and the government. Many of these people have escaped to Iraq, Lebanon and Jordan.
There are more refugees around the world from China to Algeria. Many of these people are fleeing from a variety of hardships. Based on these refugee statistics, it is important to remember that millions of people are currently living as refugees, whether or not their situation is publicized by the media.
For more statistics on refugees, visit the WorldBank.org.