Electricity has played a big role in the recent decrease of poverty rates in India. The country has received a lot of praise recently due to its strides in decreasing poverty.
The country has garnered attention in a lot of right ways from the rest of the world through serving as an example of progress. According to the World Bank, the success is largely due to electricity.
“India has reduced its poverty rate to 12.4% from the 2011-12 estimate of 21%, according to new data released by World Bank, which identified rural electrification as an important driving factor for everything from greater rural spending to schooling for girls.”
It is no secret that access to power is one of the key solutions to poverty. Rural electrification, the process of bringing electrical power to rural and remote areas, is one of the ways to increase that access. India has utilized rural electrification as the main solution to its power problem, and the results have been reportedly positive.
“By late 2012, the national electricity grid had reached 92 percent of India’s rural villages, about 880 million people.”
In areas that the grid was not able to reach, renewable energy has been promoted. This reflects well on India’s environmental and human consciousness, since those who rely on wood and biomass for heat end up producing air pollution, which is not only harmful to the planet, but “attributable for 4.3 million deaths each year,” according to World Bank.
This is why the UN created the Sustainable Energy for All initiative, which aims to achieve the following three objectives by 2030:
- Universal access to electricity and clean cooking fuels
- Doubling the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix
- Doubling the improvement rate of energy efficiency
85 countries have already opted into the initiative, including India, through its CLEAN Energy Access Network. CLEAN’s goal is to grow the clean energy sector in India and improve energy access for the rural and urban poor over the next three years.
Prime Minister Modi of India has already showed his support for renewable energy, as he stated solar energy as the ultimate solution to India’s energy problem in August.
This is all a good indication that India is capitalizing on its recent success in order to increase its energy access and efficiency.
– Ashley Tressel
Sources: Indian Infoline, World Bank 1, Se4all, World Bank 2, India Times