Top 10 Facts About Living Conditions in El SalvadorEl Salvador is the smallest country in Central America, bordered by Guatemala and Honduras. It is about the same size as the state of Massachusetts with a population of 6.4 million people. Most of the country overflows with mountains and rainforests, while one side is bordered by the Pacific Ocean, possessing miles of sandy beaches. El Salvador is a unique country filled with vivid culture, people, and beauty. In the article below, a list of the top 10 facts about living conditions in El Salvador is presented.

  1. El Salvador has an extremely dense population. As of 2016, the population density was about 306 people per square kilometer of land. This creates overcrowded living situations, squeezing huge families into tiny houses. As a result, for low-income families, alleyway houses are created in rows of up to 50.
  2. The education level remains extremely low. Many children do not end up attending secondary school due to financial or economic reasons. Most families cannot afford to send their child to school and other children must work in order to help support their families. Almost 20 percent of males and 25 percent of females aged 15 or above cannot read or write.
  3. El Salvador has one of the highest rates of crime and murder in the world. The country has been labeled, “the most violent in Latin America.” From 2014 to 2017, about 20,000 people were murdered as a result of gang violence. The gangs are active in 94 percent of the country and run as a continuous threat to children, families and business owners.
  4. Agriculture plays a key role in the economy of the country. Agriculture employs about 25 percent of the country’s labor force and meets about 70 percent of the countries food needs. The top agricultural exports include coffee and sugar. Having the country’s mild climate and fertile soil in mind, it is safe to say that these exports will continue to provide a steady income.
  5. El Salvador is extremely prone to natural disasters. Due to its location in a very seismically active region, the annual average loss from earthquakes for the country is about $176 million or 0.7% of the country’s GDP. Floods, tropical storms and volcanoes have also been known to displace many families.
  6. Although poverty is a persistent issue, it has been declining over the past decade. The poverty rate declined 8 percent from 2007 to 2016. The extreme poverty rate also declined 5 percent over the same time period. This was a result of several factors, most notably increased salary and economic growth.
  7. El Salvador struggles to provide quality and adequate health care to its people. This is directly associated with a low level of income of most individuals and families. Upon illness, these people are unable to receive the proper medical care they need. The health care system was ranked poorly, coming in at 115th place out of 190 different countries’ health care systems around the world.
  8. Because of the overall low-income levels, the housing situation is evidently affected. In urban settings, most of the homes are made up of bricks and cement. They are extremely small, averaging about 480 square feet, sometimes even for very large families. In the slums, most of the houses are huts made with aluminum sheets, cardboard and plastic.
  9. About 1.8 million minors between the age of 5 and 17 are forced to work. Often times these children are placed in unsanitary or dangerous work environments just to earn a few dollars for themselves and their families.
  10. In 2016, the World Bank Group proposed a new Country Partnership Strategy for El Salvador. This initiative focuses on several areas including economic growth, education and employment. It was created to work with and support the government’s ambitious agenda for change.

The top 10 facts about living conditions in El Salvador open the door for several improvements and changes the country has the opportunity to make over the next few years. Slowly but surely, El Salvador is developing better living conditions for its people.

– Savannah Huls
Photo: Flickr

Starkey Hearing Foundation Empowers Patients in El SalvadorThe Starkey Hearing Foundation, founded in 1984 by William F. Austin, began in Minnesota and has since expanded. Currently, Starkey Hearing Foundation services over 100 countries around the world. In 2010, the Foundation made a commitment with the Clinton Global Initiative to provide 1 million hearing aids to those in need by 2020.

According to The World Health Organization, approximately 466 million people worldwide suffer from hearing loss, and around 34 million of those affected are children. Deafness and hearing loss have drastic consequences to people living in impoverished countries. Children who are affected by hearing loss during their developmental stages are more likely to be prevented from attending schooling and prevented from attaining a job. Adults with deafness or hearing loss have a high probability for social isolation, limited occupational abilities and lower earnings.

These effects are especially apparent in El Salvador, a country with an estimated deaf population of 15,000 and a GDP of approximately $4,200 per capita. In a country with little economic opportunity, those with hearing disabilities are often discriminated against in the workplace, personal and public life. In addition to the adversity deaf and hearing impaired people experience in El Salvador, most cannot afford access to the necessary healthcare to treat their conditions, including basics like hearing aids and their subsequent upkeep.

The Starkey Hearing Foundation in El Salvador

The Starkey Hearing Foundation recently completed another hearing mission to San Salvador, El Salvador, where patients were given hearing aids and other services free of charge. The Foundation completed their first hearing mission to San Salvador, El Salvador, in 1997, and has done multiple others since. During their most recent mission, they were able to see former patient, Juan Carlo, who was fit for a hearing aid when he was three years old. Since then, Carlo has graduated high school and been successful in the professional field, thanks to the access to hearing that Starkey Foundation gave him.

The Starkey Hearing Foundation completes their hearing missions under a community-based hearing healthcare system comprised of three main stages:

  1. The first stage of this system is patient identification. The Foundation identifies and trains workers in the area where they are planning a hearing mission. The workers then screen people with hearing impairments and give them the primary ear-care treatments they need. After giving primary care to potential hearing aid candidates, the workers take ear impressions and create custom molds for hearing aids.
  2. Phase two of the program is when the hearing mission takes place. The Starkey Hearing Foundation begins by fitting hearing aids on qualified patients. They then counsel the hearing aid recipients on how to care for and operate hearing aids, including providing aftercare information so patients can continue their ear-care when the Foundation leaves the area.
  3. The third and last phase of the hearing mission is executing the aftercare program. The Starkey team provides monthly aftercare appointments at a central location to give patients additional care including counseling, batteries, repairs and replacements free of charge to the patients. The Starkey Hearing Foundation then evaluates the program and team and begins to evaluate and identify future patients for the next hearing mission in the area.

By providing hearing aids and ear care to patients in impoverished countries who would not otherwise be able to afford the treatments, the Starkey Hearing Foundation offers patients a chance to success. With their hearing aids and care, patients are able to gain and education and participate in the workforce, securing them more economic success and helping end their poverty.

– Savannah Hawley

Photo: Flickr

Remittances to El SalvadorThe Trump administration has announced an end to temporary protected status (TPS) for the 200,000 El Salvadoran refugees residing in the U.S. Immigrants have until Sept. 9, 2019, to either obtain a green card or to exit the country. Critics of the policy argue that El Salvador is unable to support an influx of citizens and point to the importance of remittances to El Salvador for the families that depend on this source of income.


Why Refugees Need TPS

El Salvadoran immigrants were granted temporary protected status in 2001 following two devastating earthquakes. Once enrolled in the program, immigrants have access to social security cards and a pathway to legal employment.

TPS status was originally granted to El Salvadoran refugees for only 18 months. However, previous administrations have repeatedly extended the program due to other adverse conditions like poverty and violence, as these have worsened since the earthquakes. For a country not at war, El Salvador has the highest homicide rate in the world: 108 per 100,000 people.


Remittances to El Salvador

El Salvadoran workers send billions of dollars annually back home to their families. These money transfers are called remittances. El Salvador has one of the highest remittance rates in the world.

In 2016, approximately 1.2 million El Salvadoran immigrants lived in the United States. They sent $4.6 billion in remittances back to El Salvador, making up 17 percent of the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Remittances to El Salvador have a much larger impact on the country’s economy than foreign aid. The United States sent only $88 million in aid to El Salvador in 2016.

According to Manuel Orozco, a political scientist with Washington D.C. think-tank InterAmerican Dialogue, between 80 and 85 percent of El Salvadoran immigrants send money back home. Orozco estimates that the average immigrant sends $4,300 annually. More importantly, Orozco estimates that one in 20 El Salvadoran households depend on remittance for survival.


How Remittances Help Those in Poverty

Remittances to El Salvador often help the poorest families access education, clothing, medicine and financial support for elderly citizens. In 2013, about 33 percent of households receiving remittance were considered poor, while about 46 percent were considered vulnerable. This suggests that remittance payments play an important role in keeping vulnerable households above the poverty line.

Remittances made up about 50 percent of monthly household income for recipients. Remittances constituted an even larger percentage of monthly household income for rural households and female- and elderly-led households.

Additionally, households receiving remittance in 2013 were more likely to have access to running water, bathrooms and electricity than the average household in El Salvador. Rates of home ownership were higher in remittance households than in the average El Salvadoran household.

In 2013, 94 percent of households receiving remittances used part of the money on consumption spending. Remittances increase domestic spending by providing poor families with a greater disposable income. Eliminating this source of revenue has the potential to hurt El Salvadoran businesses and, consequently, the El Salvadoran economy.

According to economist Cesar Villalona, “It’s a cycle. If remittances went down it would plunge people into poverty and reduce spending, which would hurt companies, causing unemployment and hitting government finances.” President Trump’s repeal of temporary protected status for El Salvadoran refugees could have devastating effects on the nation of El Salvador as a whole.

– Katherine Parks

Photo: Flickr