1. How to Help People in Mauritania 2. Causes of Poverty in Kenya: The Relevance of Education 3. Climate Change and Public Health: A Crucial Connection 4. Refugee Education Could End the Global Crisis 5. Vanuatu Poverty Rate 6. Cycle of Refugees 7. Strides Made for Development Through Education in the Dominican Republic 8. Why Is Tonga Poor? 9. Ways to Help People in Zimbabwe 10. Listening to Africa 11. Inescapable Poverty: Greenland Continues to Struggle 12. Sanitation Leads to Education for Girls in Ghana 13. Addressing the Macedonia Poverty Rate 14. Why Is Kuwait Poor? 15. Combatting Malaria Threat Important for Poverty Alleviation 16. How to Help People in Tuvalu 17. How to Help People in Swaziland 18. Human Rights in the Virgin Islands 19. Senator John McCain Takes a Stand Against Ethnic Cleansing in Burma 20. Differences Between the TPP and the RCEP 21. Hurdling Over Causes of Poverty in Palau 22. Human Rights in Azerbaijan Continue to Struggle 23. Braille Without Borders Is in Danger 24. US Is Extending Iran Sanctions Relief 25. How to Help Georgia: Social Assistance and Corruption 26. Natural Disasters Hit Poor the Hardest 27. The Political Promise of Young Cambodians 28. Google and the H&M Foundation Support Flood Relief in South Asia 29. Lessons in the Causes of Poverty in Guyana 30. Children's Human Rights in Saint Helena 31. The Hidden Face of Poverty in Brunei 32. How to Help Suriname: Development and Industry 33. A New Model for Education in Developing Countries 34. Chowberry 35. International Students in India 36. Poverty in Malta 37. Why Is Kazakhstan Poor? 38. Gas and Causes of Poverty in Turkmenistan 39. Mobile Market Technology Empowers Farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa 40. Things Are Okay, for Now: 10 Facts About Seychelles Refugees 41. Child Army 42. Data Collection 43. Concerns for Human Rights in Canada 44. Why Is Suriname Poor? Poor Planning and Unhealthy Dependence. 45. ZN Healthcare to Increase Access to Healthcare in Developing Countries 46. A Look at Human Rights in St. Kitts and Nevis 47. Environmental Sustainability in China 48. How to Help People in India 49. Senate Committee Votes "Yes" to Improving Global Health 50. How to Help Impoverished People in South Korea 51. Youth, Technology and Mental Health in South Asia 52. How the Elimination of U.S. Special Envoys Impacts Foreign Relations 53. Gastritis in Guatemala 54. Causes of Poverty in Tokelau 55. Nature's Most Valuable Forests Meets Mankind's Latest Technology: Myanmar's Tree Planting Drones 56.
Education, in general, diminishes poverty, encourages economic growth and increases income. It improves the prospects of having a healthy life, reduces maternal mortality and battles epidemics including HIV/AIDS. Education fosters gender equality, reduces child marriage and promotes peace.

In the late 20th century, the world shifted from being a skills-based society to a global, primarily knowledge-based system. Therefore, the focus of global education needs to expand from its previous focus on predominantly primary and secondary education. Enhanced concentration on tertiary education reduces poverty in this new world environment.

A knowledge-based civilization depends on well-educated societies that rely on the specialized education of citizens to stimulate innovation, entrepreneurship and the dynamism of that country’s economy. Education, science, culture and communication have replaced skills learned in apprenticeship and hands-on training geared toward manual trades.

Today’s economy requires STEM education. STEM is the acronym for science, technology, engineering and mathematics. Defined as “an interdisciplinary approach to learning,” STEM education instructs students in technological concepts. Advanced lessons allow students to employ science, technology, engineering and mathematics. Cooperation grows between school, community, work and the global enterprise. STEM literacy permits impoverished nations to compete in a modern economy.

Tertiary education reduces poverty by facilitating STEM learning. Post-secondary education challenges poverty. It empowers students from countries with a high poverty rate to acquire the skills needed to compete in a modern marketplace. Additionally, STEM education furnishes an opportunity for students to return to their homelands (and may yet have family members) to share educational gains with the governments and communities of their youth.

Once completing post-secondary degrees, students who travel from their country of origin for tertiary education acquire higher-paying jobs abroad. Subsequently, they send money back home to their families, a practice called “remittance.” For example, Mexico garners approximately $24.4 billion in remittances each year from immigrants in the U.S. This amount accounts for roughly two percent of the Mexican GDP, according to the World Bank. Across the globe, immigrants sent $583 billion to their home countries in 2014, $440 billion of which went to developing countries.

Although these funds may form just a small fraction of a country’s national GDP, they still account for almost four times the $135 billion in global foreign aid disbursed in 2014. India receives about $12 billion in remittances from the United Arab Emirates, and money sent home from the broader Gulf region plays a significant part in the economy of South Indian states like Kerala.

Completed tertiary education reduces poverty more effectively than secondary education. Those who complete tertiary education are six times less likely to fall below the poverty line. Tertiary instruction reduces poverty through the creation of social equality and empowerment. It creates personal and social opportunities through the development of social capital and assists in the allocation of funds by extending possibilities for employability, income and movement between social strata.

Heather Hopkins
Photo: Flickr