Sixteen years ago, the world decided it was time to formally prioritize ending world hunger. The United Nations (U.N.) Millennium Development Goal One (MDG1) was to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger. MDG1, Target 1.C, was to “halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger.”
The U.N.’s target was largely met: the proportion of undernourished people in the world’s developing regions has fallen by almost half since 1990. But, there are still 795 million people hungry in the world and more than 90 million children under age five are underweight and malnourished. World hunger facts offer us insight into why this is still a problem in the world today.
According to the U.N. World Food Programme (WFP), there are two faces to world hunger and 10 crucial facts to understand. The two sides to world hunger are crises and chronic malnutrition. Emergencies such as wars and natural disasters “account for less than eight percent of hunger’s victims.”
Chronic hunger can continue with no end in sight with people living on less than the recommended 2,100 kilocalories daily intake of food. This chronic hunger accounts for mental disadvantages in adults, stunted growth in children and weakened immune systems.
10 World Hunger Facts from the U.N. World Food Programme
- Approximately one in nine or 795 million people worldwide do not receive enough food to lead a healthy, active life.
- Most of the world’s hungry live in developing countries: 12.9 percent of the inhabitants of these areas do not have enough food.
- Asia is the continent with the largest number of hungry people, making up two thirds of the total number of malnourished peoples.
- Sub-Saharan Africa has one in four people undernourished; it is the region with the highest percentage of its population going hungry.
- Malnutrition causes 45 percent of the deaths of children under five. This accounts for 3.1 million deaths of children each year.
- In developing countries, one in six children is underweight.
- Stunting affects one in four of the world’s children and one in three children in developing countries.
- The number of malnourished could be reduced by 150 million if female farmers had the same access to resources as their male counterparts do.
- In the developing world 66 million primary children attend classes hungry, 23 million of those in Africa.
- WFP believes that the 66 million school aged children could be fed with $3.2 billion per year.
Just as there are more than ten world hunger facts, so too are there many organizations working to combat world hunger. One group that is helping to end world hunger is The World Bank. The group has been working with other international groups by “investing in agriculture, creating jobs, expanding social safety nets, expanding nutrition programs that target children under two years of age, universalizing education, promoting gender equality and protecting vulnerable countries during crises.”
– Rhonda Marrone