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Poverty in Qatar

The Ministry of Development Planning and Statistics disclosed on June 6, 2016 that 1.4 million people, nearly 60% of Qatar’s population, live in what the Qatari government officially labels as “labor camps.”

Migrants from poorer countries have moved to Qatar in recent years to develop its infrastructure for tourism projects, including preparation for the 2022 World Cup.

However, migrant workers continue to live a life of poverty in Qatar, with many human rights groups like Amnesty International condemning Qatar for providing “squalid and cramped accommodation” for its very large migrant workforce.

According to Amnesty International, migrant workers are also not paid for several months at a time, which puts significant emotional and financial pressures on workers already burdened with heavy debts.

Recently, 13 people died in a fire that broke out in a labor camp for migrants working on a waterfront tourism project in southwest Qatar. The fire highlights how Qatar has treated migrant workers by providing poor living conditions for them.

The government responded to criticism by building new housing complexes for workers, including a city south of Doha. This new city, known as “Labour City,” will include cinemas, shops and a cricket stadium for migrant workers.

Outside of the government, various organizations have also assisted migrant workers to overcome their life of poverty in Qatar. One such organization is Reach Out to Asia (ROTA), a member of the Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community Development.

On June 8, ROTA launched its Ramadan Project 2016, bringing together over 100 local volunteers to pack and distribute bulk groceries to more than 200 families in need across Qatar.

ROTA volunteers packaged food parcels containing items such as flour, cooking oil, milk powder and lentils that were later distributed before the start of Ramadan. The program also provided beneficiary families with shopping vouchers to purchase other products.

ROTA volunteers, numbering 300, partook in several community service activities set to take place over the month, including the installation of computer labs for migrants working on construction projects.

Despite living a life of poverty in Qatar, migrant workers are slowly overcoming hardships through additional assistance by the government and various organizations.

Alexis Pierce

Photo: Flickr

china_one_child_policy
After decades of the one-child policy that has been enforced, China officially announced on November 15 that they are raising the policy. In addition to lifting the program, China also is abolishing labor camps in the attempt to improve human rights among citizens.

What affects will this have on China’s increasing rate of poverty?

Recent statistics indicate that 128 million Chinese were considered to be living below the poverty line, or roughly 13.4% of the population. Of the entire populace, 12% live in a state of extreme poverty.

The one-child policy was instituted in the 1970s in an effort to cap the rapidly growing population. Prior to this, the need for laborers overshadowed the rate of production. Regardless of those who praised the policy for reducing population growth, it gained much criticism.

Often, women were forced to have abortions or pay substantial fines for having more than one child. Considering those who could not afford contraception in the first place were generally the ones becoming pregnant, the fines also played a role in contributing to the poverty of China.

In addition to the immediate family, the policy also laid burdens on China’s elderly. These individuals rely on their children for support once they can no longer work. With limited family members, those who bring in income are hampered with having to support themselves as well as their families and parents – often times on one income.

In the 1950s, China instituted “re-education through labor” systems, modeled after the gulag labor camps used by the Soviet Union. Here, tens of thousands of individuals are incarcerated, without the possibility of trial.

Over 160,000 individuals were held in 350 re-education through labor camps throughout all of China at the end of 2008, according to the Ministry of Justice. In contrast, the United Nations estimated the number of prisoners to be as great as 190,000.

These labor camps are believed to be the cause of millions of deaths. Harsh conditions, being overworked, and prisoners committing suicide are all contributing factors. In order to reduce the number of individuals held in these camps, China is aiming to reform their entire legal system.

By reformatting which crimes are subject to the death penalty, China will be able to control the number of those held in the labor camps.

The effects of the abolishment of the one-child policy could go either way. Some economists worry that it will only increase the population, creating a deeper span of poverty than what already exists. Optimists, however, predict that this may be just what Chinese citizens need in order to stimulate the regrowth of their economy.

– Samaria Garrett
Sources: CNN, Index Mundi, All Girls Allowed, Economist
Photo: The Guardian