Nauru, the world’s smallest republic, is home to 10,000 citizens. Its economic decline corresponds with the depletion of phosphate mines in the 1980s. Phosphate mining and exports resumed in 2005, but the Nauruan government estimates the phosphate deposits’ remaining life to be 30 years.
Nauru has become increasingly dependent on aid; Australia is its largest donor. The following development projects in Nauru aim to support an economically stable and independent republic.
Aid Investment Plan 2015-2016 to 2018-2019
This project aims to promote more effective public sector management, invest in nation-building infrastructure and support human development.
Electricity Supply Security and Sustainability Project
Investments will provide two new fuel-efficient generators for the Nauru Utilities Corporation (NUC), help repair the corporation’s power station and support institutional strengthening of the NUC.
Port Development Project
Alleviating Nauru’s reliance on its problematic port mooring system, this project will construct a quay wall and access causeway, reconstruct port buildings and storage containers and strengthen the Nauru ports’ institutional capacity.
Pacific Private Sector Development Initiative
Sponsored by the Asian Development Bank, this project will reestablish banking services, improve financial literacy and undertake reforms to expand financial services on the island.
Nauru Infrastructure and Essential Services
One of several Australian projects in the nation, the goals of this project are to plan, coordinate and maintain essential infrastructure and utilities development, identify key priorities for infrastructure development and provide improved access to affordance priority health facilities.
Australia’s 2015-2016 aid program enabled development projects in Nauru and contributed to:
- Maintaining 100 percent primary school enrollment
- Achieving 100 percent coverage for tuberculosis and hepatitis B vaccines for newborns
- Introducing Nauru’s first taxation system
- Establishing the Intergenerational Trust for the People of Nauru
- Adopting the Queensland Certificate of Education
- Graduating 14 students from the University of New England with an associate’s degree in teaching
- Addressing domestic violence and decision-making
Current development projects in Nauru focus on the broader Nauruan community’s need and the government’s development priorities. Nauru’s stabilization will promote prosperity and security in the Pacific region.
– Carolyn Gibson