The crisis in Syria began in the March of 2011 when thousands of Syrians took to the streets protesting for a democratic government. Since then, there have been reports of horrific human rights violations. Syrians are either forced to live in fear or flee their country. Due to the political unrest and unfair treatment of Syrians, basic humanitarian needs such as food is not fulfilled. Hunger has increased dramatically in Syria and it is important for other nations to know the facts about hunger in Syria and realize the struggles and successes it experiences as a result of the hunger crisis.
Facts About Hunger in Syria
- One in three people is unable to meet their basic food needs because they live under the poverty line.
Bread is the most basic food source in Syria, however, its prices have risen by 1000 percent in the most violent areas leaving thousands unable to provide for themselves or their families.
- Food production has decreased by 50 percent.
Farmers were only able to plant wheat on an estimated 900,000 hectares of land in 2017 compared to 1.5 million hectares before 2011. This is a neverending cycle because farmers rely on the community to buy their produce in order to continue farming but when the community does not have money to buy food, there is a continuing lack thereof.
- More than 11 million Syrians have fled their homes seeking refuge.
Constant displacement does not provide Syrians with food security. Being food secure is one of the most basic necessities but also somehow overlooked.
- Living under siege, 400,000 Syrians across Syria have little to no access to a food source.
During a siege, all humanitarian resources are cut off from people thereby leaving them with no option but to starve to death or die of diseases without proper medical attention.
- Various food donation groups have been able to provide for certain besieged areas via airdrops.
Although there are still more than 4.5 million people living in hard-to-reach zones throughout Syria, airdrops have been able to deliver food to approximately 4.2 million of those in need.
- The U.N. will need $ 3.2 billion to provide humanitarian assistance in Syria.
After analyzing the number of refugees in need of humanitarian assistance in 2016, the U.N. was able to estimate the funds required to help the current refugees. However, this does not account for new refugees if the conflict continues.
- The rise of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) has made it difficult to provide resources to Syrians.
This group has created checkpoints and sealed off all roads into and out of besieged areas to prevent any aid from reaching the people located within.
- Before the crisis in 2011, Syria was a middle-income country; however, it now ranks as one of the poorest with one-third of the population living in poverty.
This does not include refugees who sought shelter in neighboring countries but merely the remaining population living in Syria.
- Since the beginning of the Syrian war crisis, the World Food Programme (WFP) has donated more than $ 1.3 billion to support Syrian refugees.
They do this by providing food rations, e-cards and vouchers to the Syrians who are in dire need of food and medical resources.
- For only one dollar, the WFP can feed a Syrian refugee for a day.
When the cost of feeding refugees is so low, it is a wonder how we are still struggling to find ways to help them. This accentuates the necessity to donate anything, for every little bit counts.
There is still a long way to go for Syrian refugees, however, these top 10 facts about hunger in Syria highlight the good and the bad in this devastating crisis.
– Adrienne Tauscheck