Commissioner Mimica of EU Aid began a voyage to Peru earlier this month on Oct. 9 to announce a support package for the development and health of young adults and children.
The support package for Peru is intended to accelerate the plans of the National Development and Social Inclusion Strategy, which aims to help five regions most affected by poverty in the Peruvian Amazon.
The finalized package suggests 40 million euros ($45.5 million), with a total 66 million euros ($75.1 million) being allocated to Peru between 2014 and 2017. This money will advance the already growing economy of Peru and assist the permanent reduction of poverty that has been reflected since this growth.
However, the solidarity of development has not been established, as about 54 percent still live in poverty and 19 percent live in absolute poverty (less than a dollar a day).
Social Inclusion Strategy will address this unequal growth, favoring those who have not benefited, despite the country’s economic boom. The stratagem prioritizes people into groups based off five core topics:
- Childhood Nutrition – focusing on fighting those who lack access to food and water
- Early Childhood Development – focusing on the development of infants and young children who do not live in stable conditions
- Development of Children and Teenagers – focusing on older children and teens who do not live with a stable family
- Economic Inclusion – focusing on incorporating those who have not benefitted from the economy into a better society
- Protection of Elders – focusing on poverty-stricken elders who are no longer able to provide for themselves
Furthermore, the developmental gap in the region is ensured to decrease by a three-part approach that focuses on three-time horizons – short, medium and long term.
Temporary relief will bring short term relief to those in extreme poverty while medium term relief promises capacity building such as providing services, and the long-term approach will aid with the creation of opportunities.
In this way, Peru will see a reduction of extreme poverty that substantiates and perpetuates the developmental growth of all priority groups.
MIDIS, the organization overseeing the National Development and Social Inclusion Strategy, defines people who are already in the process of social inclusion as PEPI; PEPI households must meet three of four focal points in order to be given PEPI status:
- Rural household
- Female-headed Household with less than primary education
- Head of house speaks indigenous language
- Located in the first quintile of national per capita income distribution
Of these dwellings, 60 percent live between walls of adobe, 84 percent have dirt floors in their homes, 60 percent use wood to cook and 57 percent go without access to sanitation services.
The total number of people living in PEPI households (4.8 million) calculates to about 16 percent of the population. It is estimated by 2030 for the developmental gap to be significantly reduced by the support package for Peru with financial investment to be concluded for Peru in 2017.
– Emilio Rivera
Sources: European Commission, GOB, Nations Encyclopedia