Poverty in Ethiopia remains a major concern, but the country has also seen great progress. Ethiopia has the second largest population of all African countries and has only once, for a brief period of time, been colonized. One of Africa’s oldest independent countries, Ethiopia has a rich culture and long history. However, it is currently considered one of Africa’s poorest countries despite a rapid population boom in recent decades. Read how Ethiopia reduced poverty.
10 Key Facts on Poverty in Ethiopia
- Ethiopia is located in East Africa and is historically a rich country.
- Agriculture accounts for more than half of its economy, and employs 80% of its population.
- With an estimated population of 86 million people, 78% of Ethiopians struggle with an income below US$2 a day.
- The life expectancy of the average Ethiopian was 59 years old in 2011.
- The State Health expenditure is approximately $3 per person in Ethiopia.
- For every 1,000 children five years old and younger, there are 166 deaths.
- Preventable diseases, including Malaria, account for at least 60% of health problems in the country.
- Approximately 34% of the rural population in Ethiopia has access to an improved water source.
- Ethiopia’s main exports are coffee, hides, oilseeds, beeswax and sugarcane. Ethiopia’s main source of income comes from its agricultural economy that is often affected by drought.
- Almost two-thirds of its people are illiterate.
– Kira Maixner