In recent years, international interest in quinoa has exploded—knowledge of the grain’s nutritional dynamism has proliferated, making it a desirable choice in an increasingly health-conscious world. In light of its recent popularity, the UN named 2013 “the international year of quinoa.”
The West, with its new market for quinoa, has largely turned to Bolivia, where the grain has been growing for over 7,000 years in the steppes of the Andes. Originally, the newfound demand for quinoa portended great things for the national economy, which would stand to accrue significant wealth through exporting the super-crop.
However, unforeseen implications of the international quinoa market have engendered a new problem for the Bolivian people: namely, the crop is becoming so expensive that many Bolivians no longer have access to it. In 2000, before the international market for quinoa took off, 100kg of quinoa cost about 80 Bolivianos ($11.60 USD). Today, prices have risen nearly ten-fold: 100 kg of quinoa now costs around 800 Bolivianos ($115 USD), and prices continue to rise.
Tellingly, losing a national dietary staple—particularly one with such prodiguous nutritional value—has devastating effects on local health. Bolivia must work towards intitiatives to subsidize crops for locals, providing them with the invaluable nutritional benefits of quinoa.
– Anna Purcell