A recent trend in propositions to combat poverty in Cameroon has been to create more technical schools and training programs that will tailor education to more specific job fields. By so doing, recent graduates may find work as soon as they finish their education.
Like many African nations, Cameroon has a considerable number of natural resources and an untapped population of over 23 million people. Stagnation of economic potential has contributed heavily to increasing levels of national poverty in Cameroon.
Cameroon’s youth demographic consists of half of the population, thus representing a growing labor force that is a potential asset to the global market. However, the nation’s tertiary education system continues to emphasize traditional academic disciplines, leaving students unprepared to respond to economic change.
About 43 percent of Cameroon’s population has an incomplete or no formal education, and 67 percent of the working age population has received no additional training at all. Unemployment is vastly higher among youth as compared to older demographics across all levels and types of education.
According to Cameroon’s Growth and Employment Strategic Paper, the government has proposed an investment program that essentially states the government will work closely with private industries that have the potential for significant growth and job creation. Such areas include tourism, communication technologies and infrastructure. Investments like these will hopefully boost the impact of human resources on the development of these industries’ productivity.
However, only so much can be done with the current number of schools in Cameroon. There are only two engineering and technology universities and two agriculture universities located in Buea (South West Cameroon) and Dschang (Western Cameroon).
This lack of availability of educational facilities not only hurts the economy, it is also detrimental to the nation’s healthcare system. Disease is a high contributor to death and poverty in Cameroon. In 2013, more than 10,000 people were diagnosed with malaria in the town of Maroua alone. Local newspapers estimated that about 1,000 people died as a result of the disease.
Furthermore, it is estimated there are two doctors for every 10,000 people in Cameroon. Many medical cases are handled by individuals who have inadequate medical training. With such a shortage of medical professionals, the accessibility of a medical education is prudent to maintaining and increasing economic development, which will help alleviate poverty in Cameroon.
Adequate funding is lacking to improve the healthcare situation, where in 2014 there were an estimated 657,000 people with HIV/AIDS.
Cameroon has great potential; however, poverty still affects 40 percent of the population. Cameroon is looking to improve the status quo by creating more engineering, technology and medical schools to help future generations escape the cycle of poverty.
– Veronica Ung-Kono